FROM ENGINEER TO TEACHER OF ENGINEERING: FROM PROFESSIONAL SKILLS TO TEACHING SKILLS FOR LEARNING
In the Brazilian educational context, teaching at university level is full of operational challenges, often stuck in old-fashioned beliefs and values. Thus, teaching practice calls for a change in the attitude of coordinators, teachers and students, who should takes into consideration how to build knowledge based on scientific evidences, The involvement of teachers with the institution they work for, reflections and discussions about new practices should be the starting point. Contemporary research indicates that being competent on this field of work is to organize and manage learning situations well, design educational tools, involve students in the teaching-learning process as team work, use new technologies for the benefit of education, address the ethical dilemmas of the teaching profession, take care of one´s own continuous training and be committed to individual and collective learning. The main objective of this paper is to point out the teaching skills concepts and paradigms that still prevail in engineering teaching, and question the ways of thinking, acting, producing and distributing knowledge. This work also discusses how to improve the quality of engineers-to-be education, a practice that requires both multi and interdisciplinary actions and activities which should go beyond the field of specialty and develop transdisciplinary applications so that teaching, as a mere transmission of content, can be replaced by classes that can help the knowledge building process to innovation.
Keywords: university; teaching; competence; knowledge; learning.
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